Visualizing Natural Image Statistics
Authors: Hui Fang, Swansea University, Swansea, Gary Kwok-Leung Tam, Cardiff University, Rita Borgo, University of Swansea, Andrew J. Aubrey, Cardiff University, Philip W. Grant, Swansea University, Paul L. Rosin, Cardiff University, Christian Wallraven, Korea University , Seoul, Douglas Cunningham, Brandenburgische Technische Universität Cottbus, Cottbus, David Marshall, Cardiff University, Min Chen, Oxford University, Oxford
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TVCG.2012.312
Natural image statistics is an important area of research in cognitive sciences and computer vision. Visualization of statistical results can help identify clusters and anomalies as well as analyze deviation, distribution, and correlation. Furthermore, they can provide visual abstractions and symbolism for categorized data. In this paper, we begin our study of visualization of image statistics by considering visual representations of power spectra, which are commonly used to visualize different categories of images. We show that they convey a limited amount of statistical information about image categories and their support for analytical tasks is ineffective. We then introduce several new visual representations, which convey different or more information about image statistics. We apply ANOVA to the image statistics to help select statistically more meaningful measurements in our design process. A task-based user evaluation was carried out to compare the new visual representations with the conventional power spectra plots. Based on the results of the evaluation, we made further improvement of visualizations by introducing composite visual representations of image statistics.